This describes a horizontal storage well to improve deliverable rate to the storage field. Columbia did their first horizontal storage well about 25 yr ago near Charleston WV.
Q: When was the first horizontal fracking well constructed in the United States?
A: The Barnett Shale Play in Texas was the first site for horizontal fracking in 2002. Fracking technology for shallow vertical wells was developed as early as the 1940s; however, its widespread use in combination with recent advances in horizontal drilling to extract oil and gas from deep underground shale formations has fueled the current U.S. energy boom.
I thing maybe the well near Charleston may have been a directional well and not a horizontal well....25 years ago they were not drilling horizontal wells.....directional wells are drill on an angle but not horizontal....like to see prove they drilled a horizontal well 25 years ago
There was at least 20 years of industry effort prior to George Mitchell's success in the Barnett. The tools and techniques did not occur overnight and its been years perfecting those and lowering the cost. Directional drilling has been used a long time in the industry, especially offshore since WWII and horizontal developed from that. See what the EIA state in their 1993 report, (http://www.eia.gov/pub/oil_gas/natural_gas/analysis_publications/dr...).
What Columbia learned in their first attempt in 1993 is the performance gain for the cost of a horizontal well in this instance was was not worth it. It appears they think otherwise at Pavonia and the well plan is very similar to Coco "C" #12073, permit 47-039-02798.
There is no mention of the horizontal work Columbia did on the workover permit issued in 1993 in WV records at the Office of Oil & Gas (http://tagis.dep.wv.gov/oog/) or the
WV Geologic & Economic Survey. (http://www.wvgs.wvnet.edu/oginfo/pipeline/pipeline2.asp?txtsearchap...). Company personnel gave presentations at storage industry meetings in 1994 and 1999 discussing their efforts and results (see attached, link unknown).
No royalty on storage gas.
Whatever financial arrangements for compensation when the field was converted to storage in 1951 then apply. Are payments being made on existing storage wells? Bluejack can answer that question. It is unlikely that royalty payments on storage gas was part of the original conversion agreement. A new storage well of any type in an existing storage field reservoir does not create an obligation for royalty.